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what is yoga?|Yoga History

what is yoga?|Yoga History

Namaste



yoga histry

Introduction

It is believed that Yoga originated as an oral tradition that dates back over 5,000 years in India. Some believe that it originated around 500 B.C., which was the time of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. In 1920 archaeologists discovered an ancient “Indus” civilization, which flourished between circa 3000-1900 B.C. The archaeological artifacts of the Indus valley provide a base of the early Sanskrit literature. It gave rise to the great religious and cultural tradition of Hinduism. 

Vedic Yoga 

Vedic Yoga teachings came from ancient hymnodies. The Sanskrit word “veda” means “knowledge.” There are three Vedic hymnodies, which are the Yajur-Veda (“Knowledge of Sacrifice”), Sama-Veda (“Knowledge of Chants”), and Atharva-Veda (“Knowledge of Atharvan”). Vedic Yoga was connected with the ritual life of the ancient Indians. It revolved around the idea of sacrifice as a means of joining the material world with the invisible world of the spirit. 

Preclassical Yoga 

Preclassical Yoga covers the period of approximately 2,000 years until the second century A.D. The earliest practices were still based in sacrifices. Later, the rituals were left behind. One of the most influential scripture of 700 verses is the “Bhagavad-Gita” (“Lord’s Song”), which was composed about 500 B.C. The various preclassical schools developed techniques for achieving deep meditation through by which yogis can transcend the body and mind and discover their true nature. 

Classical Yoga 

Classical Yoga is associated with the eightfold path also known as Raja Yoga, which was taught by Patanjali in his “Yoga-Sutra.” The text contains about 200 statements, which are often cryptic statements. Patanjali, is often wrongly called the “father of Yoga.” 

Postclassical Yoga 

Postclassical Yoga refers to many types and schools of Yoga that have arisen after Patanjali’s Yoga-Sutra. Postclassical Yoga proclaims the ultimate unity of everything. Previous generations of yogis paid no attention to the body. They were more interested in contemplation. The new breed of Yoga masters created a system of practices to rejuvenate the body and prolong its life. This led to the creation of Hatha Yoga. The treatise on Yoga, “The Hathayoga Pradipika,” was compiled in the 15 century by the sage Svatmarama. He begins the treatise with the restraint of energy. Sighting the soul through the restraint of energy is called Hatha Yoga. Sighting the soul through the restraint of consciousness is called Raja Yoga. Svatmarama stress the importance of the breath. The goal of Yoga is a state of equilibrium and peace. 

Modern Yoga 

Modern Yoga is believed to begin with the Parliament of Religions held in Chicago in 1893. It was at that congress that Swami Vivekananda made an impression on the American public. 

After Swami Vivekananda, the most popular Yoga teacher in the early years of Western Yoga was Paramahansa Yogananda, who came to Boston in 1920. Five years later, he established the Self-Realizaton Fellowship. 

Swami Rama Tirtha, was a former mathematics teacher who came to the United States in 1902 and founded a retreat center on Mount Shasta in California. After two years and drowned in the Ganges (Ganga) River in 1906 at the age of thirty-three. 

Yogendra Mastamani arrived in Long Island in 1919. For three years demonstrated the power and elegance of Hatha Yoga. Before returning to India, he founded the American branch of Kaivalyadhama for the scientific study of Yoga.

Ramacharka was popular for some time after the 1920’s. The name was the pseudonym of two people: William Walker Atkinson, who had left his law practice in Chicago to practice Yoga, and his teacher Baba Bharata. 

Paul Brunton, was a journalist and editor, who came appeared in 1934 with his book “A Search in Secret India,” which introduced the great sage Ramana Maharshi to Westerners. 

Jiddu Krishnamurti taught thousands of philosophically minded Westerners from the 1930’s until his death in 1986. 

Yoga, came to American in the form of Hatha-Yoga by the Russian-born yogini Indra Devi, who has been called the “First Lady of Yoga.” She opened her Yoga studio in Hollywood in 1947 where she taught movie stars and trained hundreds of teachers. She is now in her nineties and living in Buenos Aires. She is still an influential voice for Yoga. 

Selvarajan Yesudian appeared in the 1950’s with the book “Sport and Yoga,” which has been translated into fourteen or so languages, with more than 500,000 copies sold. 

In 1961, Richard Hittleman brought Hatha-Yoga to American television, and his book “The Twenty-Eight-Day Yoga Plan,” which sold millions of copies. 

In the mid-1960s, the Western Yoga movement become popular through Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, mainly because of his brief association with the Beatles. He popularized Transcendental Meditation. 

In 1965, Shrila Prabhupada came to New York and later founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). 
In the 1960s and 1970s, many swamis trained by the Himalayan master Swami Sivananda, a former physician, opened their schools in Europe and America. Most of them are still active today including, Swami Vishnudevananda, Swami Satchidananda, Swami Sivananda Radha, Swami Satyananda, and Swami Chidananda. The last-mentioned master’s best known American student is the gentle Lilias Folan, who was famous from her series Lilias, Yoga & You, during 1970 and 1979. 

Other famous modern Yoga teachers include Sri Aurobindo, Ramana Maharshi, Papa Ramdas, Swami Nityananda, and his disciple Swami Muktananda, B. K. S. Iyengar, Sri Krishnamacharya, his son T. K. V. Desikachar continues his saintly father’s teachings and taught Yoga, among others, to the famous Jiddu Krishnamurti, Pattabhi Jois, Indra Devi, Swami Satyananda Sarasvati, Sri Chinmoy, Sathya Sai Baba, and Swami Satyananda. 

References

“Yoga, The Path to Holistic Health,” Iyengar, B.K.S., Dorling Kindersley, London 2001. 
“A Short History of Yoga,” Feuerstein, Georg, Santa Rosa, CA, 1988. 

Saveen chakra In Our Body

                  Saveen chakra In Our Body

Kundalini energy cycle in the human body which are located elsewhere, the number six so far seven have been reported. Extremely important information concerning these cycles. From time to time round the place to focus on mental health and soundness can be obtained.
kundalni


1.muladhar cycle 

Muladhar chakra between anus and penis with a four-petal 'base chakra is'. The base chakra is the root chakra as a second name. The bravery and sense of joy resides. The location can be obtained from the concentrate.

2. swadishtan cycle 

 swadishtan cycle gender sacral chakra is at the core of which six are petals. Upon waking the cruelty, pride, laziness, negligence, disobedience, distrust, etc. would destroy Durgnon.

3. Manipur cycle 

Manipur cycle navel with ten teams Manipur cycle. The desire to be active, envy, slander, shame, fear, hatred, greed, etc. astringency-Kalms go away.

4. Anahata cardiac cycle

which is twelve Pankrion Anahata chakra is in place. It is active libido, fraud, violence, sophistry, anxiety, greed, arrogance, irrationality and arrogance are eliminated.

5.vishuddhi chakra 

 vishuddhi  cycle and which is sixteen-petalled. Sixteen sixteen personalities from the arts and the knowledge is here. It can prevent waking from hunger and thirst, while sixteen personalities of arts and lore can be known.color and mantra

6.Agya chakra-  

agya chakra(between the two eyes in Brkuti) command cycle where Udgiy, I burst, an extensive, Swdha Swha, seven notes etc. are inhabited. Immense powers and Siddhis are inhabited. This command powers up, it has to be an awakening cycle.

7. Sahasrar cycle 

that is in the central part of the brain where sahasrar conditions are top. In the body structure at the base is a collection of many important electrical and biological power. That salvation is by.

Yoga Music

Yoga Music Benefits

Practicing yoga whereas paying attention to music is Associate in Nursing exhilarating expertise. Yoga retailers supply many collections of music for yoga, the pan flute ballads to the character of hip-hop and rock sounds. The intention to introduce music throughout yoga is to assist practitioners in their poses, calm and improve their emotional states. whereas some purists within the subject community yoga music throughout observe, a fastidiously developed and elect play list will do wonders for your category.
yoga-music


Types of music

Hundreds of retailers supply music discs designed to enhance the observe of yoga, and these collections area unit of Indian non secular songs of the current popular music genre sounds. the selection of music rests only with the instructor: Some play that the "spiritual" music or Indian classical singing, that they hope to bring students nearer to the expertise of Indian origins of yoga. alternative instructors use the soothing sounds of nature throughout the observe, like ocean waves, the songs of whales or sounds of the forest, to urge students during a relaxed, wild. Others play in fashionable Western music - rock, hip-hop, jazz or pop - in a trial to provide high emotional right for college students to push their bodies to consequent level.

Advantages

Music has invariably had a robust influence on emotions, mental states and memory. once employed in the observe of yoga, music will inspire each the individual, whereas strengthening the social bonds at intervals the schoolroom, giving students a shared expertise. Soothing, quiet music will facilitate a yoga category by making a peaceful and peaceful setting and serving a relentless background signal that keeps students centered on their stretching and meditation exercises. additional upbeat music is usually employed in vigorous types of yoga like Ashtanga Vinyasa power yoga or support a stronger rate for the category. A well paced and punctiliously emended assortment may also guide students of a technical or pensive state to a different exploitation cues or sound fades.

Considerations

Because music is a strong mental stimulant, several instructors assume it will divert students to specialize in little however necessary details they have to master in several advanced postures and pensive states. Music may also bring powerful emotions throughout the teachings, which might adversely have an effect on students United Nations agency got to reach Pratyahara, or withdrawal of the senses. Music is additionally terribly personal and emotional reaction of the trainer to soothing music Pan flute is fully completely different emotional reactions of his students.

Tips

Practice your respiratory, stretching and meditation exercises along with your music before returning to category. Music should align with the goals of the category instead of to face out as a type of diversion. select music while not words, as a result of words is probably unquiet to some students. Finally, use music meagrely, with specific tasks within the assortment wherever there's no sound. Students will then specialize in alternative sounds, the foremost necessary in these moments of silence, just like the beating of the guts or the sounds of their own respiratory and therefore the others.

tree pose

Vriksha  Asana - Tree Pose




This asana is the dignified, stable posture of a tree. Unlike most yoga poses, the tree pose requires keep our eyes open in order to keep body balance.


How to do that Tree Pose (Vrikshasana)?


tree-pose
  • Stand tall and straight with arms at the side of the body.
  • Bend your right knee and place your right foot high up on the left thigh. The sole of the foot should get laid and laid near the root of the thigh.
  • Make sure that it is safely left leg straight. Find your balance.
  • Once you are well balanced, you take a deep breath, gracefully raise your arms over your head from the side, and bring your palms together in 'Namaste' mudra (hands-folded position).
  • Look straight ahead, on a distant object. A steady gaze helps maintain a steady balance.
  • Make sure that your spine is certainly just. Your whole body should be stretched like a rubber band stretched. Keep taking in long deep breaths. With each exhalation, relax the body more and more. Is only with the body and the breathing air with a gentle smile on her face.
  • With slow exhale gently bring your hands from the sides. You can easily loosen the right leg.
  • Stand tall and just as you did at the beginning of the entertainment. Repeat this pose with the left leg off the floor on the right thigh.

Beginner's tip

  • Focus the gaze on a tiny low specific purpose, best-known in yoga as a drishte. It is ideally something directly to come which does not move. Commit to standing foot by lifting the Ark and pressing down through the side edge. Check that the weight is distributed across the ball of the big toe, the heel and the ball of the little toe. Draw in the navel of posture and the stability of the core away. Faults include leaning to one side, twisting, pushing a hip flexion or rotation of the knee outward support; looking down and lack of concentration


Benefits of Tree Pose (Vrikshasana)


  • This attitude leaves you in a state of rejuvenation. It stretches the legs, back and arms, and revives them.
  • It brings balance and equilibrium in mind.
  • It improves concentration.
  • This attitude has been found that some cases of sciatica relief.
  • It makes your legs strong, improves balance, and opens the hips.
  • Helps those who suffer from sciatica.
  • deepens the thorax.
  • strengthens the ankles.

Contraindications of Tree Pose (Vrikshasana)


  • Avoid this posture if you migraines
  • sleeping problems
  • low or high blood pressure suffer .

How to Open all your Spiritual Chakras : Svadhisthana chakra

Svadhishthana cycle

SABHA = Self
Adhishthan = seat, residence
Svadhishthana cycle between the coccyx and sacrum about three centimeters above the root chakra lies. It marks the second phase of human exposure. Dispersion at the time of the first seat of the Kundalini power was located in the circle, but Kali, our present era, has sunk down into the root chakra spiritual energy - unconscious - because rampant materialism and egoistic behavior in humans.
svadhishthana circle color orange is the color of fire. The color purity, activity, joy, hope and self-confidence symbol, and svadhishthana cycle shows that energy has been activated. Orange is also the color of sunrise and it has been mastered, the flower that once this cycle is a sign of strength - enthusiasm, confidence, self-confidence, and enthusiasm. Nature withdraws and becomes inward consciousness when it is the color of autumn and sunset. We look within svadhishthana circle and pay attention when we are able to find answers to many questions related to luck.
svadhisthana chakra

As mentioned in the previous chapter, the root chakra our experiences and deeds lie in the warehouse. These actions enabled svadhishthana cycle is now, and it is here that we have the opportunity to purify them. Our weaknesses and mistakes in this cycle, even if it's a high level of human consciousness to develop our offering is an important opportunity that is here. Svadhishthana cycle work through us to bring under control our baser instincts and to replace them eventually are able to cross them.

svadhishthana cycle subconscious level of consciousness, sleep and waking consciousness is in the area that lies between. We have a vague idea of what is contained here, but a full or explicit knowledge. Focusing our consciousness, even our thoughts and actions always affect the other levels of consciousness. The entire spectrum of our experiences in the field of our consciousness is depicted, which is like a screen.
That of a film camera, regardless of whether we were conscious of it or not, external or internal, we have an impact on the kind of recording that each impression is the function of the subconscious. In this way we feel and think so, experience the subconscious records everything right; And it essentially our deeds we want them or not, explains why we react. Our actions microscopic tracks (sacrament) have been imprinted on our subconscious, and, therefore, the effect "pre-programmed" are, because we can not prevent the outcome.
We just resign ourselves and just let things take their course does not mean that. The fate of our future results of our past and present deeds that it is important to understand. What is happening to us today that all our actions and thoughts first, and our current way of thinking and acting that will result in future due to everything that happens to us.
We are victims of our past, or external forces "puppets" are not, but we are building here and now of our own destiny. It is important that we face doing so consciously and honestly evaluate their merits and intentions, and then good to be able to direct them consciously. We are being fed into your subconscious gain clarity about their intentions and actions Once we understand the relationship between action and reaction and are able to recognize. In this way we, and our behavior can affect our future by changing our behavior are capable of foreseeing the consequences. We are able to shape our future profitable growth and to support our own.
The system "Yoga in Daily Life" presented themselves in check through meditation techniques, our subconscious "programming" penetrating and love, understanding, and forgiveness to solve any harmful behavior pattern is for a method. We are conscious of our subconscious warehouse every day, pretty positive and send pure thoughts, our destiny will change for the better - but we must not forget that the reverse is also true!
In the course of our lives, sometimes awakens the kundalini rises up and svadhishthana cycle. However, even this kind of jealousy, desire, jealousy, anger, and greed as our negative qualities, comes up against the barrier. It then returns to the root chakra so that the energy block. And thus, many people's consciousnesses without ever being able to rise high cycles oscillate between the two lowest continuing.
We have accumulated during many lives that're hurtful feelings, prejudices, resentments and fears of the cycle as the face of an army, is not an easy undertaking to break. We have to fight against them if we achieve only one thing more forcefully they stubbornly persist, or hide in the depths of the subconscious and will go away either. Only we consciously we are able to free ourselves from them when to go.
But letting go can be extremely difficult. We really, their fears and complexes will be glad to be rid of, but somehow we do not dare let go of these properties; Instead we firmly hold on to them and licked them. Ego we abandon them, then we will lose our identity and personality that leads to belief. And the ego to maintain its supremacy is fought with all possible means, that is in the svadhishthana cycle.
Question and analyze everything that happens within the consciousness to have learned that yoga, subconscious surface and, therefore, more easily able to cope with those feelings and reflexes that recognize the reasons. Otherwise, we fall helplessly from one emotion to another, and for a long time, we svadhishthana cycle of "blind-alley" unable to find our way out of that might be.
We lie to ourselves or not this fear that is most important, And we must project not condemn nor judge others. We have a "light" side and a "dark" side - our inner world is divided. We have to take into consideration this dual reality and also that we are working on our weaknesses when it is accepted. We are able to accept as long as we possibly can give good advice to others, but can not further develop themselves.
We just follow the waves of emotion and unwaveringly on our mantra can heal our minds, when they will finally disappear. Mantra clears and quietens the mind and certainly will lead us out of the labyrinth of emotions and trends, and in the light of truth.
Anger, hatred, greed, envy, violence, cruelty, passion, pride, self-doubt and sloth we encounter the enemy in svadhishthana cycle; They are very difficult for us and for our environment, making life. We have many examples in history, and even in recent times know, people are often blind and inhuman actions are committed to these properties. These trends, lifelong vigilance, and sustained effort is needed purification. Discipline and knowledge (Gyāna) we are able to keep them in check, with which "tools" are.
However, these trends as they work to protect our physical existence as a part of nature completely by the end of our lives will not be shed. Only a selfish ego is connected to the harmful effects and blindly to the pursuit of selfish goals are deployed when to develop. We are conscious of these trends and to understand their meaning and function when we have these "enemy" control change your energy and are able to use them for our development.
Anger, hatred, and greed are negative expressions of our ego. Ego is not bad. The positive aspect is the desire to live. Because we live and enthusiasm in life no one can exist without the desire, the ego can not be without. It degenerates into selfishness and exploitation of others is harmful to the ego.
It not only "our own lives of others is useless, however." India as angry, known as a double curse that we are destroying our bodies is overcome by the anger blood cells. The aggressive spirit of our entire Phänomen darkens and deprive us of spiritual energy. Closely linked to the expression of anger and hate are greed. One of these properties is activated when the other two are generated and the person they jointly "inner area" destroyed. The immense power of emotional arousal is a positive potential. We have succeeded in controlling the explosive energy When we are creative, courageous and brave actions can change. mastery of anger and other negative emotions discipline brings considerable progress in gaining control.
We relax and we mentally Our outrage is directed to the person's situation is put in, and while trying to understand their logic can extinguish the explosion of anger and hatred. What we can and are able to understand more easily forgiven. Sympathy, consideration, and tolerance through our hostile feelings will calm down in the end.
We're jealous right up to something or someone that belongs to us that means. We lost it, so we have set our hearts on, or are unable to obtain, so we imagine that the whole world would collapse. We have fights with other children on a toy, which behave like a little kid, and he gets it, even if it is not really material.
Selfishness and that we fully intend to hold on tightly to certain officers and the problems always arise. Flickers of jealousy when we feel our inner freedom, stirring within this frame of mind is the best treatment to combat, because we must strive to be independent and liberal.
We are in love, when we only feel jealous. Without love is not jealous. The spirit of love, pure, selfless, helpful and beneficial to others, jealousy disappears.
Many people believe that they "really" did not love the concept of the lifelong suffering; Your personal losses will balance out and fulfill their wishes, which means a life partner. However, what we really need, and only the truth, the divine love, that brings satisfaction and desire of our soul is fulfilled. Just give it merely consists of giving. We have overcome jealousy since we achieved independence and our ability to give and to accept all-embracing love to develop.
The violence and cruelty of man as well as animals, are found everywhere in nature. In the natural desire to live up to its roots, the natural desire to lie in self-defense. Life for the violence is not completely free; When we drink a glass of water, for example, we destroy the little tiny animals. We cut flowers, even when we do not harm - because plants are living things. In the ancient scriptures of various grains, seeds, and ripe fruits are freely given by nature as we are only told that such funding should take. But the fruit to fall naturally from the tree we've been waiting now we will die of hunger. Therefore, unfortunately, we are unable to fully comply with the rules, but take our meals in thought word or deed should avoid any bad intentions. Our pride and our joy of living and should not cause suffering or violent death.
We possess the gift of sympathy; We have to understand what others are causes suffering. So we can learn to avoid violence and cruelty. Our efforts never deprive anyone of anything, ever intentionally destroy anything, or intentionally or thoughtlessly anyone should be directed towards causing pain.
Collective responsibility within ourselves increases our capacity for love and toughness by overcoming. Sacrificing toughness later becomes a reality selfless service are.
German passion for the word "made to suffer" is the literal translation LEIDENSCHAFT; Which means, "We suffer from that which we create." This causes the material and physical desires (underdone Vāsanā) are doing. They like the red hot flames blaze and extinguish the fire for fraudulent source possible (and often is absolutely the wrong thing), try everything. Passion is totally blind and can corrupt us. But in a positive sense, passion is also a part of life. The reproductive instinct to preserve it as part of the partnership and serves to protect property. As this life excitement, vitality and creative energy is an expression of enthusiasm. Outstanding works and simple for life from the passionate love.